Call them energy boosters or energy drinks. They do fit the definition perfectly as they provide energy to the body either by restoring the energy reservoirs of the cells or repairing the damaged tissue or muscles of the body after strenuous exercise. Consumption of energy boosters is a hot debate these days has both positive and negative impacts on human health and behavior.
The survey reveals that consumption of energy drinks has been increasing day by day. Amongst young adults and adolescents, the consumption of energy drinks has been increasing at a very rapid rate for the last two decades. These products give an increasing amount of energy boost to the body to improve physical and cognitive actions and performance. On many occasions, this question arises that whether excessive use of this product is safe because usage, after a limited extent, is attributed to several adverse health effects. Such supplements have beneficial effects on physical performance as they provide a combination of stimulants and energy boosters. These energy boosters contain maltodextrin, taurine, vitamin B, methylxanthines, ginseng, guarana, inositol, carnitine, creatine, yerba mate, acai, and glucuronolactone as ingredients. These compounds induce a stimulating effect on the basal metabolic rate of the body. (Alsunni, 2015)
Looking towards the brighter side of the picture reveals some amazing effects of energy boosters. These supplements enhance attention and physical performance, as well as increased mental alertness and visual information processing. Energy boosters are a quick and rich source of vitamin B, that not only improves your mood but also elevate the heart functioning. Another Vitamin is Vitamin B6 and niacin, that aids in lowering bad lipids In blood and improve nervous system functioning.
Although these drinks improve your body functions, it has some serious adverse effects that include cardiovascular effects, increased natriuresis and diuresis, and decreased insulin resistance, along with neural, cardiovascular, renal, and gastrointestinal dysfunctions. Psychiatric mental health disorders are seen in long term users such as insomnia, anxiety, and depression are highly associated with the intake of energy boosters. (Al-Fares et al., 2015)
Energy boosters are proven to be extremely beneficial for the body when taken seldom. Daily intake of energy boosters develops dependence and impacts negatively on the brain and body functions.
Al-Fares, M. N., Alsunni, A. A., Majeed, F., & Badar, A. (2015). Effect of energy drink intake before exercise on indices of physical performance in untrained females. Saudi Medical Journal, 36(5), 580–586. https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2015.5.11141
Alsunni, A. A. (2015). Energy Drink Consumption: Beneficial and Adverse Health Effects. International Journal of Health Sciences, 9(4), 468–474. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26715927