A diet without proper nutritional benefits is not worth eating. We are always in need of a balanced diet. To get the right amount of nutrients and to get the nutritive value of all food groups, it is important to include vegetables in our diet.
Our body needs multiple minerals and vitamins along with carbohydrates fats and proteins to carry out the vital body function and to maintain healthy organs. Vegetables and fruits are universally known to be "healthy." They are enormous in their energy content. They help in cardiovascular disease and obesity by supplying dietary fiber. Dietary fiber is good, especially for the health of large intestines. It promotes peristaltic activity and provides bulk to the food and relies on constipation and pain. Vegetables are also the source of phytochemicals that act as phytoestrogens and antioxidants. They also act as anti-inflammatory agents and protect against many harmful mechanisms. They are also extensive in their content of vitamin C, and minerals and carotenoids, required for better skin and eyesight. (Slavin & Lloyd, 2012)
To reduce the deadly effect of chronic diseases and to properly manage body weight and BMI, vegetables are essential included in the diet. Studies reveal that vegetables are rich sources of micro and macronutrients like iron, magnesium, zinc, and potassium. Broccoli and other green leafy vegetables are a rich source of antioxidants and iron that improves the cardiovascular health of the body and reduces the risk of life-threatening diseases such as Hypercholesterolemia, Osteoporosis. Vegetables also contain folate that helps the formation of healthy red blood cells and is highly recommended to pregnant women to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Mediterranean diet is one of the standard diets advised by health professionals that contains a proportionate amount of dietary fibers in the form of foods and vegetables. (Pem & Jeewon, 2015)
Vegetables like Spinach, Kale, Borrocli, peas, sweet potatoes, Beets, and carrots are a rich source of vitamin C, folate, and iron, which maintains the nutrition value of the human body if taken with a balanced diet.
Pem, D., & Jeewon, R. (2015). Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Benefits and Progress of Nutrition Education Interventions- Narrative Review Article. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 44(10), 1309–1321. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26576343
Slavin, J. L., & Lloyd, B. (2012). Health benefits of fruits and vegetables. Advances in Nutrition (Bethesda, Md.), 3(4), 506–516. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.112.002154